The main astronomical event is considered to be a Total Solar Eclipse. It is a shadow of moon on the surface of Earth. This contour in diameter is about 200 km, which is many times smaller than the diameter of Earth. Therefore, this magnificent and rare event can be observed simultaneously only in a narrow strip on the path of the lunar profile.
If the observer is located in a dark silhouette, he sees a total solar obscuring, when the moon completely hides the sun. At the same time the sky darkens, and stars can become visible. Birds fall silent, frightened by the sudden darkness, and try to hide.
Observers located near the total darkening line can see a partial phenomenon. In this case, moon passes across the sun, not exactly in the center, but hides only a part of it. In this case, the sky darkens a little and stars are not visible. It can be observed at a distance of about 2 thousand kilometers from the zone.
There are many articles on how it influence geopolitical trends, new cycle sets global processes that affect destinies of states, nations, collapse of political systems and revival of social values. But in this article we will talk about how to photograph the solar eclipse and memorize this magic moment, using a great chance to practice and enjoy.
The key factor to complete this important mission is to choose right camera settings. But, first of all, safety preparations which are essential in such a dangerous activity. After all, a famous sarcastic joke is not a joke at all because it says: “You can see solar hiding with a naked eye only twice: first, with the right eye, then with the left one”. Ultraviolet radiation can burn the retina and cause irreversible eye damage and even blindness.
Therefore, it is important to use eye protection:
- solar filters and films (it can be purchased at optical equipment stores and fixed on telescopes, glasses or binoculars)
- special glasses
- welding goggles
- film for cameras
- or film from an old (5.25 ") floppy
Photography tips for solar eclipse:
- Use polarization or neutral gray light filters (ND filter). ND filters come in various densities (varying degrees of darkening), but even the strongest (ND-1000) do not provide adequate protection
- Try to combine several filters all together, which considerably reduce solar radiation
- Use a special solar filter that you can do yourself or purchase. Such a filter can reduce light effect by 100,000 times, which ensures an adequate level of security for the matrix and your eyes
What else you need to photograph solar eclipse:
Steady tripod is always a must for such kind of pictures, especially when such a significant event has to be captured. Every motion can spoil the final result, so ensure that your camera is fixed well. If you are going to publish a normal size images, then a good lens with a large focal length starting from 100 mm, is required. Be aware that usual wide angle lens is not appropriate for this occasion, because the sun is going to seem a small dot on the picture. Wide angles have to be used only together with special extenders. Think of additional requests, when inner and outer sun corona have to be captured. Such picture require specific adjustments.
When you think you have everything you are going to need, get online to watch the best location to shot. Due to a unique event many hotels and guesthouses promote their services being geographically well-located for photographing solar eclipse. Other cities and landscapes are good as well, but the effect is not going to be so significant and memorable. So book a nice place for you and friends. Travelling together with an interesting mission will contribute to getting best results. Watch various videos to learn other photo tricks and pray for cloudless sky. Making pictures in a form of diagram showing the movement of moon across the sun is always a good idea.
There is nothing so easy as burning something focusing sunlight through a magnifying glass. Photographic lens (especially telephoto lens) will work in the same way. It will focus the light on the camera's matrix, just like a magnifying glass on a piece of paper. Of course, you will not make a hole in it, but it can be easily disabled! This is especially dangerous for compact cameras, where the lens constantly projects an image onto a matrix.
Let us not to forget that camera matrix is a photosensitive element, so that a solar obscuring can "blind"it. That is why think well before looking above though a viewfinder of your digital device. This action may cause not only health but also financial damage, due to significant expenses afterwards.
It is better not to neglect the importance of checklists, because natural phenomena like this do not happen often. Therefore make sure that everything you need is clean and ready to be used. Memory cards and extra batteries are essential if you do not want to miss such a splendid moment of taking photos of solar eclipse. Think of a possibility to use remote control and charge it as well. Only planning can guarantee satisfaction from an organized hard work.
Usually manual mode is the best option, but certain settings are obligatory for successful results:
- choose always RAW format;
- minimum value for ISO;
- aperture f / 8;
- minimum shutter speed (better if it is 1/8000).
These recommendations are only to begin, because after that you will definitely need to check if there is some other change to be done to become even more effective. Every detail makes the difference for the photographer.
Ideally, it is worth taking into consideration specific weather conditions: cloudy weather is going to cover all the beauty, and even the perfect plan will fail. But the weather with few clouds will give a chance to make a beautiful frame. Still, for observation of this phenomenon clear sky is more appropriate.
Remember that during sun darkening you may need to increase your exposure.
- If the frame is overexposed, reduce shutter speed and / or increase aperture value.
- If the frame is underexposed, increase shutter speed or decrease aperture value.
Decide beforehand with techniques, plot and emotion of an image, perspective and composition. Think about how your picture have to look like:
- Use the rule of thirds, do not place the sun in the center.
- Take a picture of people watching this phenomenon.
- Show what kind of eye protection people use, emotions on their faces and other idea your imagination will suggest.
- Make a picture of phenomenon reflection in water puddle or pond (it is not only creative, but safer for both eyes and camera).
- Find a suitable place outdoors: park, preferably not too close to skyscrapers and multistoried buildings.
Do not point the camera at the sun for a long time. Shoot quickly, moving it to the side. Do not use long exposures (longer than 1/30 s). First of all, it is useless, and you will most likely get a very overexposed frame. Secondly, the longer the shutter speed, the more time camera will face intense sunlight.
Real danger is guaranteed for tele-lenses. Long focal length expose equipment and eyes to intense, so the risk of damage increases.
Do not buy cheap darkening filters. Choose another mode to save money. Destroyed equipment and missed magic moment will cost you much more regrets.
Most fantastic snapshots are usually realized with the help of retouching programs. It is a simple, free and comfortable way to reduce number of errors and increase desirable effect. Plenty of functions offer users a wide range of changes to apply. Processing image online provides necessary skills for future. Interactive software is capable to examine and improve tiny picture details, which are not visible to a human’s eye. The quality of these applications permit diy creation of fantastic masterpiece from a simple phone image.
One may consider this article to be a very complicated tutorial, but we are sure that only preparation and practice can help in the search of great pictures. In case if this fun guide did not convince you to be ready for solar eclipse photography, there is always another splendid option.
If you decided to simply shoot people around, it would be better to make sure that the flash do not interfere with their activity.
Still, methodically clicking the camera waiting for a successful shot, it is important to take a break for a few seconds and just look fantastic sun corona and enjoy it.
Without all above-mentioned tricks, you can shoot sunrise or sunset, when it is almost close to the horizon. The light is not so intense, and very beautiful. No wonder that photographers all over the world are so fond of such shooting! Get your imagination work and impress public opinion with personalized artistic taste and vision of ordinary and extraordinary events and objects.